The green ocean turtle also called the green turtle, Pacific green turtle, and Chelonia mydas or, black-sea turtle, is a vast ocean turtle of the family Cheloniidae. It is the main species in the Chelonia genus. Its range stretches out all through tropical and subtropical oceans around the globe, with two particular populations in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, yet it is likewise found in the Indian Ocean. The normal name originates from the typically green fat found underneath its carapace; these turtles’ shells are olive to dark.
This black-sea turtle’s dorsoventrally straightened body is secured by a substantial, tear formed carapace; it has a couple of extensive, oar like flippers. It is typically delicately shaded, despite the fact that in the eastern Pacific populace parts of the carapace can be practically black. Unlike to different individuals from its family, for example, the hawksbill ocean turtle, C. mydas is generally herbivorous. The grown-ups as a rule occupy shallow lagoons, nourishing for the most part on different types of sea grasses. The turtles gnaw off the tips of the sharp edges of sea grass, which keeps the grass sound.
Like other turtles, the green sea turtles move long separations between bolstering grounds and hatching shorelines. Numerous islands worldwide are known as Turtle Island because of green ocean turtles settling on their shorelines. Females slither out on shorelines and lay eggs digging nests during the night. Afterward, hatchlings develop and scramble into the water. Those that achieve development may live to eighty years in wild.
- mydas is recorded as jeopardized by the IUCN and CITES and is shielded from exploitation in most of the countries. It is not legal to gather, kill or harm them. What’s more, numerous nations have laws and mandates to ensure settling regions. Be that as it may, turtles are still in risk because of human activities. In a few nations, turtles and their eggs are chased for sustenance. Many turtles expire when they are caught in fishing nets. Additionally, land advancement regularly causes habitat loss by disposing of nesting shorelines.